An apple is sweet edible fruit and is cultivated worldwide. Apple trees are originated in Central Asia.Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures.Apple trees are grown from seeds and also from grafting process.There are more than 7.5k known cultivators of apple in the world. Apple contain vitamins and minerals but not in high amount. Apples are good source of vitamin C which is common antioxidant in fruits
The following are the scientific classification of apple.
Scientific Classification :
Binomial name of apple is Malus pumila.
Types of Apple:
Ambri is considered to be indigenous production of apple grown in Himalayan hills.It is famous for its crispness,aroma,flavor and attractiveness.This type of apple may ripe in month of October and stay fresh.Ambri apple is blush red,medium in size and conical in shape.
This type of apple is small,round shaped and juicy in nature.It is very crispy and sweet in taste.Its skin is white greenish and sweet.This apple ripens in September and ripens in September.It is cheaper in price.
3.Delicious( Red Delicious):
This type of apple is grown in Sapore region in Kashmir.Its skin color is blush red and the texture is smooth.Flesh of this apple is greenish white and grained,sweet and juicy.Its size vary from medium to large.
It is a large size apple with bright red color on green base and has some conspicuous dots.Skin of fruit is crisp,juicy and aromatic yet taste is bit acidic.The fruit ripens in late october.
It is a medium size apple and its size vary from round to conical.Its color may differ from red color to stripe with a tender skin. Skin of this apple is sweet and juicy.It ripens in mid -July and is oldest variety in Kashmir valley.
6.Golden Delicious Apple:
It is conical shaped ,small and medium sized fruit popularly known for its freshness.Its is crisp,white ,juicy and thick.The apple is green in color and yellow on ripening.This fruit ripens in late October.
Health Benefits of Apple:
- Help in weight loss:
Apple is rich in dietary fiber.Pectin fiber helps lower the body’s absorption of excess dietary fats.
- Reduce constipation and diarrhoea:
Pectin fiber help in regulating smoother bowel movement.Pectin has an amphoteric action which help in relieve from constipation and diarrhoea.
- Reduce Cholesterol:
Pectin fibers and other constituents such as antioxidant polyphenols will reduce unhealthy cholesterol and slow down its oxidation.
- Improve brain power:
Apples help in improving brain power.It will increase acetylcholine production which helps to build a stronger communication between nerve cell and brain.Therefore improving memory and lowers Alzheimer’s.
- Protect bones:
Flavonoid phlorizin in apple skin help to prevent bone loss associated with menopause and it fights the inflammation and free radical production that leads to bone degeneration.
- Help in brighter smile and stronger gums:
Apple contain water and fiber which act as cleansing agent.Malic acid in apple boost saliva production thereby removing bacteria from mouth.Fiber content in apples help in improving the health of your gums.
- Regulate blood sugar:
The fructose and antioxidant polyphenol in apple improve metabolic activity and slow the rate at which sugar is absorbed in the body.This property of apple is effective for diabetic.
- Reduce the risk of stroke:
Studies proved that women and men who ate apples over 28 year period had low risk of stroke.
- Reduce risk of breast cancer:
According to Cornell researcher Rui Hai Liu, an apple a day may prevent breast cancer.
Apples deserve to be called “nutritional powerhouses”.It contain various nutrients such as Vitamin C ,B complex vitamin,Dietary fiber,Phytonutrients etc.
Disadvantages of apple:
If you are allergic to”pears”,then you are also allergic to apple.Symptoms are itching around mouth and lips,swelling of lips and tongue,itchy and watery eyes.
- Loose stool:
Apples contain soluble fiber in the form of pectin,although apple skin contain large amount of fiber.High fiber content in apple leads to gastrointestinal issues such as loose stool,diarrhea.
Most of inorganic apple contain pesticide in its peel.If we peel the apple,then we didn’t get nutritional value.
Apple seeds are poisonous.While apple seeds do contain tiny amounts of cyanide,the amount is small as to be essentially harmless.
- Side effects of Apple juice:
Excessive consumption of apple juice may lead to diarrhea.People following an apple juice diet suffer from headaches, dizziness and tiredness.
- Weakens tooth enamel:
Apple cider vinegar is a natural supplement.But its excessive dose may weaken the tooth enamel when consumed in undilated form.
- Skin damage:
High doses of apple cider vinegar can damage your skin and throat.It should always be diluted with water before applying to the skin.