The pomegranate is a fruit bearing deciduous shrub that grows between 5 and 10 meter tall.This fruit is mainly seen on Northern hemisphere from September to February and on Southern hemisphere from March to May.The fruit is mainly used for juicing ,baking,meal garnishing,smoothies etc.Pomegranate is mainly originated from Iran to northern India.This fruit is mainly cultivated in north and tropical Africa,South Asia Central Asia.
Pomegranates seeds are rich in fibers and micronutrients.Its seed oil contains punicic acid,palmitic acid,stearic acid,oleic acid and linoleic acid.
The following are the scientific classification of pomegranate.
Binomial name of pomegranate is Punica granatum.
Varieties of pomegranate trees:
It has large ,soft seeded fruit having flavour similar to watermelon.
It is soft seeded type with a sweet tart,mild citrusy hint.
- Angel Red:
It is very juicy fruit with bright red rind and arils.
- Sin pepe:
Its meaning is “seedless”.The fruit is soft seeded having flavour like fruit punch.
It is seen in hotland regions.
- Gissarskii Rozovyi:
It is soft seeded, mildly tart with both skin and nails are light pink in colour.
- Kashmir Blend:
It has medium hard seeds.Good food for cooking contain large amount of protein.
- Golden Globe:
It has softish arils born from red blossoms.
It is a red rinded fruit with clear arils that donot stain.
It is sweet to lightly tart with dark red skin having medium size.
It is frost sensitive with large sweet fruit.
It is a large fruiting variety with light red/pink pomegranate.
- Food dye
- Food additives
- Juice concentrate
- Anti Aging creams
- Nourishment rich oils
- Skin lotion
- Hair nourishment products
- Medical Supplements
Content in pomegranate:
A 100g of pomegranate arils contain 12% of daily value (DV) for vitamin C,16% DV for vitamin K and 10% DV for folate.
Pomegranate seeds are rich in dietary fiber.
Nutrients in pomegranate
- Vitamin C:30% of the RDI
- Vitamin K:36% of the RDI
- Folate:16% of the RDI
- Potassium:12%of the RDI
Health benefits of pomegranate:
1.Rich in nutrients:
It consist of vitamin K,vitamin C,fiber, protein,folate,potassium.It helps our bodies metabolic activities.
2.Anti -inflammatory Effects:
Chronic inflammation may lead to various diseases like heart diseases,cancer,Alzheimer and obesity.Pomegranate have antioxidant properties .Studies have shown that it may reduce inflammation in digestive tract,breast cancer and colon cancer.
3.Help to reduce prostate cancer:
Laboratory studies shown that pomegranate juice may slow down the cancer cell production and cell death.A human study found that drinking 8 ounces of pomegranate juice per day increased the PSA(Prostate specific antigen) doubling timing from 15 to 54 months .
4.Fight against breast cancer:
Breast cancer is found among women.Pomegranate extract may inhibit the production of breast cancer cells.
Hypertension is one of the reason for heart attacks and stroke.Studies proven that consuming 5 ounces of pomegranate juice may reduce the blood pressure of patient having hypertension.
6.Fight against Arthritis and joint pain:
Pomegranate have anti inflammatory effects that help to treat arthritis.It also helps to block enzyme that damage the joints.
7.Pomegranate juice prevent pregnancy complication:
Pomegranate juice prevents preeclampsia,growth restriction and preterm birth.
Recent studies proved that drinking 8 ounces of pomegranate juice may improve learning and memory.
9.Increase sexual performance and fertility:
Pomegranate juice contain antioxidants which will reduce the stress and thereby avoiding sperm dysfunction..
10.Remedy for diabetics:
Pomegranate is use as remedy for diabetics in middle east and India.It decreases insulin resistance and lowers blood sugar.
Side-effects of pomegranate:
Excessive consumption of this fruit may cause some disorders like nausea,vomiting,abdominal pain and diarrhea.Its over use also cause irritation in gastrointestinal tract.
2.Effect of enzymes:
Enzymes present in pomegranate may disturb the enzymes present in human liver.So serious liver patients need to consult the doctor before taking the fruit.
3.High in calories:
Don’t take pomegranate while you are in strict diet because it is rich in calories which may increase your body weight.
Consumption of this fruit may cause symptoms which may lead to allergies.Some of symptoms are
- Painful swallowing
- Facial swelling
- Difficulty in breathing
- Mouth swelling
5.High in sugar:
This fruit used to prevent sugar but diabetic patients must stay away from this fruit.
6.Difficult to prepare:
Pomegranates are difficult to prepare and is time consuming because it is difficult to remove the membrane and seeds .