BIOMEDICAL WASTE SEGREGATION
Segregation means separation of different categories of biomedical wastes so as to reduce the risk of spreading diseases.
5 Different types of buckets used for different items
General wastes are deposited in green bucket excluding wet and biodegradable wastes such as food waste.Itinclude the following items.
- Wrappings[paper used to cover something]
- Disposable plates
- Dead flowers
- Cups and utensils
- Paper and packages
- Hand towels and tissues
Infectious plastic wastes are disposed in red bucket. It includes items contaminated with blood and body fluids excluding any metal /glass items.
- Cathetersand cannulas
- Syringesafter cauterizing needles
- Urine, Bloodbags,Suction and Foley’s Catheters
- Intravenouslines[plastic tube inserted in vein]
- Pretreatedhighly infectious waste from medical laboratories.
- Heamodialysis tubings
Solid waste are deposited in yellow bucket.It include items contaminated with blood and body fluids excluding plastic ,metal and glass items.
- All body parts
- Swabs[piece of material use in surgeries for cleaning wounds or applying medications]
- Napples and Diapers
- Human and animal tissue and placenta
- Gauze,bandages and dressings
- Maternity and incontinence pads [pads used for absorbing urination or faecus]
Glassware and sharp containers are disposed in blue bucket.
- Metalic body parts
- Broken Glass
- Ampules[small sealed glass capsule containing a liquid for injection]
- Glass slides
Sharp waste is composed of instruments used to puncture,cut or scarpe body parts that when disposed off can cause punctures or cuts.It includes
- Suture needle
- Intravenous Stinlet
- Cauterized Needles
Non infectious plastic items are disposed in white bucket.Plastic items which does not come into contact with mucous membrane orpenetrated human tissues and which is not used to hold/transfer body fluids.
- Saline Glucose bottles
- IV Bottles
- Other materials not contaminated with body fluids.